A joint injection is a method practiced by the medical practitioners to introduce medications into a joint. The injections are done under hygienic and antiseptic conditions using a syringe and a needle. The goals of a joint injections are to reduce pain and enhance joint mobility. Prior to any joint injections Dr. Zaki Anwar, MD at The Pain Management Institute also confirms your diagnosis with the help of an X-ray or an MRI
What are the symptoms that indicate you need a joint injection?
A joint injection is recommended if you have redness, pain, swelling, loss of smooth mobility in your
joints and problem walking even the normal distances
When should I not take a joint injection?
Since any procedure that involves injections carries some complications, hence it is recommended that the
joint injections should be avoided in certain situations. Some of which include any breakout of skin or blood infections and a history of allergic responses or reactions to the injectable medications and its components
Moreover, Dr Zaki Anwar, MD may not perform any joint injection if you feel potential results from any previous joint injection, or you have a bleeding disorder, or taking any blood thinning medications, you are diabetic, your body is poor fighting infections
How the procedure is performed?
Your foot will be positioned for the injection procedure. The skin will be cleaned and sterilized with an antiseptic solution, the commonly used solutions are topical iodine, or alcohol. The medication is injected with a syringe and a fine needle following the injections, the injected area is covered with a bandage and pressure is applied for a couple of minutes
Often the ankle and knee joints are injected. An ultrasound or an MRI is used to guide the needle to the precise location. For further diagnosis the joint fluid may be drawn prior to the injections and sent to a laboratory for testing that can help for accurate diagnosis when symptoms are not quite clear
What to expect after a joint injection?
You will be kept under observation in the physician’s office for half an hour and Dr Zaki will observe you of any side effects. You will be advised to avoid intense physical activity for a couple of days after injections. You might be advised to take a pain killer, wear a sprint and recommended for physical therapy as a vital part of the treatment regime
Potential complications include infection at the injection site, infection of the joint, tenderness, swelling and warmth. There can sometimes be nerve or blood vessel injury, or damage to the joint surfaces.