What you need to know about disc herniation

Spinal disc plays an important role in the lower back region, helping as the shock absorber between the vertebral column and upholding the upper body and allowing flexible range of motion in all the directions Once a disc herniates and some of its inner liquid is leaking, it can rapidly change your whole life style by irritating the nerves, provoking severe back pain that spreads down the legs. Disc herniation symptoms are initiated with no clear reason. Disc herniation may occur when an individual lifts excessive heavy objects or accidently twists the lower back, intense movements adds more stress to the spinal disc causing disc herniation. Disc herniation is a common medical problem usually targeting people aging between 35 to 50

How disc herniation occurs?

The disc herniation occurs when the outer ring of the disc called annulus protects the soft inner material of each disc which is called the nucleus.  Because of aging and normal damage, spinal disc leaks some of the fluid that makes it supple and spongy. Consequently, the disc becomes flatter and harder. The  process is known as disc herniation and often experienced at an early age. The disc herniation is often diagnosed in the image testing. When stress is applied to the spine, the disc outer ring may deform, crack or tear. Once the outer ring of the spinal disc damages, the disc swelling pinches the surrounding spinal nerve root. The inflammatory liquid from the interior may inflame the nerves. Consequently, causing shooting pain into the buttocks spreading down the legs

Symptoms of the disc herniation

Physicians believe that the disc herniation can be greatly painful and for many people symptoms are not long lasting. As most individuals experiencing disc herniation experience no symptoms six weeks later without undergoing any medical assistance. The symptoms may resolve by three reasons;

The symptoms may be resolved by the certain possible reasons

  • The material leaked by disc herniation is attacked by the immune system shrinking the size and amount of the  inflammatory proteins near the nerve root
  • With time the fluids excreted are absorbed by the body, causing the disc to reduce.
  • Exercise and physical therapy may replace the damage disc away from the nerve network

Other terms for disc herniation

A disc herniation can also be termed as slipped disc, ruptured or bulging disc. It is also referred by its main symptoms such as sciatica