What is Sciatica? Sciatica Pain Causes & Symptoms

In the case of sciatica, the pain takes place in the lower back or hip that expands down into the buttock and back of the leg along the sciatic nerve, frequently to the foot. Pinched or inflamed sciatic nerve can trigger the sciatic pain; on the other hand, it can occur following an injury. The reason is a muscular strain or herniated disc that becomes the cause to push on the nerve. Luckily, in most cases, sciatica eases itself within a few weeks.

Symptoms of Sciatica

Following are the common symptoms of sciatica:

  • Pain in the lower back
  • Pain gets worse when sitting and occurs in the rear or leg
  • Pain in the hip
  • Burning or tingling down the leg
  • Faintness, numbness, or trouble moving the leg or foot
  • A consistent pain on one side of the back
  • A sharp pain that makes it hard to stand

In the case of sciatica, generally, a single side of the lower body gets affected. Frequently, the pain takes place from the lower back all the way through the back of the thigh and down through the leg. Contingent upon where the sciatic nerve is affected, the pain may likewise expand to the foot or toes.

For a few individuals, the pain from sciatica can be serious and unbearable. For others, the sciatica pain may be occasional and frustrating, yet can possibly get worse. It is wise to look for quick medical attention in the event that you have a lower extremity weakness, numbness in the upper thighs, or potential loss of bladder or bowel control.

Few Facts about Sciatica

  • It is a fact that the longest nerve in the human body is the sciatic nerve.
  • A widely recognized cause of sciatica is a slipped (herniated) disc.
  • In order to help manage sciatica pain in some individuals, cognitive therapy can play a vital role.
  • Sciatica is recognized as a symptom, not a condition.

Sciatic Nerve Pain Risk Factors

  • Individuals in their 40s tend to have a greater risk of getting into sciatica.
  • Occupations that demand to lift hefty loads for a considerable amount of time.
  • An inactive way of life. Individuals who sit for an extensive length of time and are physically idle will probably get into sciatica, contrasted with active individuals.

When to Seek Attention of a Doctor

In most of the cases, mild sciatica eases after some time. It is wise to consult with a doctor in case a self-care does not work out to ease the pain for you and your pain lasts longer than seven days, is extreme or turns out to be progressively worse. It is recommended to seek prompt medical attention in the event:

  • There is a sudden, serious pain in the low back or leg and numbness or muscle faintness in the leg
  • There is a pain that follows vicious injury, for example, a car crash
  • You experience difficulty controlling the bowels or bladder

Prevention to Avoid Sciatica Pain 

It is a fact that sciatica cannot always be avoided, and the condition may repeat. The following can play a key part in ensuring your back:

  • Exercise Routinely

In order to keep your back sturdy, it is vital to give careful consideration to your core muscles the muscles in the abdomen and lower back that are fundamental for appropriate posture and alignment. It is likewise essential to consult your doctor in order to get suggestion regarding particular exercises.

  • It is Vital to Maintain Appropriate Posture While Sitting

It is vital to pick a seat with great lower back support, armrests and a swivel base. Consider setting a pillow or rolled towel in the small of your back to keep up its normal curve. It is likewise vital to keep your knees and hips level.

  • Use great body mechanics

On the off chance that you stand for an extensive length of time, rest one foot on a stool or small box from time to time. At the time you lift something weighty, let your lower extremities do the work. It is likewise vital to keep the back straight and bend only at the knees and hold the load near the body. It is recommended to avoid lifting and twisting concurrently.