What Is Musculoskeletal Pain? And How It Causes?

Musculoskeletal pain is actually one of the most common medical conditions, affecting approximately one-third of all adults in the United States. It affects the human body’s movement or musculoskeletal system. Musculoskeletal pain can affect anyone and impact all major areas of the body which includes neck, shoulders, wrists, back, hips, legs, knees or feet.

Causes of musculoskeletal pain:

There are varieties of musculoskeletal pain causes. Most often it caused by an injury to the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or nerves. Jerking movements, car accidents, falls, fractures, sprains, dislocations, and direct blows to the muscle are also musculoskeletal pain causes.

Bone pain; usually deep, penetrating, or dull pain commonly results from injury. Other less common causes of bone pain include bone infection which is osteomyelitis, hormone disorders, and tumors.

Muscle pain; often less intense than bone pain but can be very unpleasant. Like a muscle spasm or cramp in the calf is an intense pain that is commonly called a charley horse. when a muscle is affected by an injury, loss of blood flow to the muscle, infection, or a tumor it causes pain. Polymyalgia rheumatica is a disorder that causes severe pain and stiffness in the neck, shoulders, upper and lower back, and hips.

Bursae pain; it can be caused by trauma, overuse, gout, or infection. Bursae are small fluid-filled sacs that provide a protective cushion around your joints. Bursae pain is also one of the musculoskeletal pain causes. Usually, pain is worse with movement involving the bursa and is relieved by rest. The affected bursa may swell.

Tendon and ligament pain; less intense than bone pain but can count as musculoskeletal pain cause, commonly occur due to an injury. It is often described as “sharp” and is worse when the affected tendon or ligament is stretched or moved and is usually relieved by rest. Common causes of tendon pain include tendinitis, tenosynovitis, lateral epicondylitis or medial epicondylitis, and tendon injuries.

Joint pain; may or may not be related to joint inflammation which is called arthritis. Arthritis causes swelling as well as pain. Pain which result from arthritis is typically becomes worse when the joint is moved but usually present even when the joint is not being moved.  Arthritis is also musculoskeletal pain cause, and can affect the people of all age.

Other than arthritis, fibromyalgia, carpal tunnel syndrome, cubital tunnel syndrome and tarsal tunnel syndrome are also musculoskeletal pain causes.

Zaki Anwar MD is an Anesthesiologist and Interventional Pain Management Specialist. He has great expertise for the diagnosis and treatment of back pain, headaches, migraines, neck pain, sciatica pain and various pain conditions. His center has offering various treatment options including stem cell therapy, amniotic fluid injection and much more.  For further queries call on 815.412.6166