The head is the most common plot of pain in the body. Headaches can arise involuntarily or can be linked with an intense activity or exercise. The Headache can be explained as pain arising from the head or upper neck of the body, the pain is originated from the musculoskeletal structures that covers the skull or the tissues covering the brain. The brain itself has no nerves or tissues that may originate the sensation of pain, however, a thin layer of tissues encircles the bones, muscles, skull, sinus, eyes and ears can become inflamed or annoyed causing severe headaches. The pain felt can be dull, sharp, throbbing, constant, occasional, mild or intense. The headache is usually linked to nausea and sometimes vomiting. This is often experienced with migraine headaches.
Headache is differentiated as being any of the three types
- Primary headaches
- Secondary headaches
Some common types of primary headaches include:
- Tension headaches
- Migraine headaches
- Cluster headaches
In some cases the patient may have the symptoms that are associated with more than one type of headache and indicates that more than one kind of headache may exist at the same time
Primary headaches include migraine, tension, and cluster headaches, as well as a variety of other less common types of headache.
Tension headache is the most complained type of primary headache. Tension headache is more observed in women as compared to men. According to a research conducted by WHO, 1 in 20 individuals in the developed countries experience with a daily tension headache.
Migraine headaches are another common type of primary headache. Both children and adult experience tension headaches, after puberty, women are relatively more affected with such type of headache than men
Cluster headaches are an uncommon type of primary headache, it is more common in men peculiarly in the age bar of the late 20s, however, women and children may also suffer from such type of headache
Secondary headaches are usually related to an underlying infection in the head or neck or an injury. The secondary headache may arise from a variety of reasons that may vary from infected teeth or pain arising from infected sinus, that may sometimes cause life threatening conditions such as bleeding in the brain and infections. Often traumatic headaches fall into the classification of secondary headaches.