What Causes You Pelvic Pain?

Pelvic pain occurs in the lower region of abdomen. It can be steady or it might come and go. Pelvic pain may occur due to an infection or may arise from pain in the pelvic bone or in non-reproductive internal organs, such as the bladder or colon. It can occur in both men and women

What causes pelvic pain?

Causes of pelvic pain in both male and female can include;

  • Appendicitis
  • Constipation
  • Colon cancer
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Kidney stones
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Inguinal hernia
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Prostatitis
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Pelvic floor muscle spams
  • Intestinal obstruction

Reasons of pelvic pain in women:

  • Ovarian cyst
  • Acute pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Vulvodynia
  • Miscarriage
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Mittelschmerz
  • Adenomyosis
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Hernia

Symptoms of pelvic pain:

Common symptoms which both men and women will experience if they are suffering from pelvic pain are;

  • Cramping
  • Pain involving the entire abdomen
  • Pain aggravated by movement

How to diagnose pelvic pain?

Doctor may ask you some questions about pain before the diagnostic procedure. They may ask about the timing or intensity of pain and about your daily or physical activities. Medical diagnostic tests for pelvic pain include;

  • Blood tests
  • Urinalysis or urine test
  • Stool test
  • Culture of cells from the cervix
  • Ultrasound; uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the internal organs
  • Commutated tomography (CT) scans of pelvic and abdomen; shows details of the bones and organs, and any abnormalities that may not show up on an ordinary X-ray
  • Magnetic resonance imagining (MRI); produces a two-dimensional view of an internal structure
  • Laparoscopy; minor surgical procedure using the laparoscope to see into the pelvic area
  • X-ray
  • Colonoscopy; test used to view the entire length of large intestine to know the abnormal growths, inflamed tissues, ulcers and bleeding
  • Sigmoidoscopy; diagnostic procedure that allows to examine the inside portion of the large intestine
  • Hysteroscopy; uterus exam
  • Lower endoscopy; examining the rectum and colon
  • Pregnancy test

 Treatments of pelvic pain:

A treatment of pelvic pain depends on the underlying cause of pain and the symptoms which patient is experiencing. Treatment may include;

  • Antibiotic medicines
  • Anti-inflammatory or pain medicines
  • Relaxation exercises
  • Physical therapy
  • Oral contraceptives
  • Surgery

Zaki Anwar MD is an Anesthesiologist and Interventional Pain Management Specialist. He is successfully diagnosing and treating back pain, headaches, migraines, neck pain, sciatica pain and various pain conditions. His center has also great expertise in pelvic pain.

For further queries call on 815.412.6166