Ankylosing spondylitis or AS, is a type of arthritis that essentially influences the spine, notwithstanding other joints can also include. Ankylosing Spondylitis results in inflammation of the spinal joints that can drive towards extreme, chronic pain and uneasiness.
In some recent cases, this inflammation can drive towards ankylosis (new bone formation in the spine) as a result, making areas of the spine fuse in a fixed, immobile position.
Ankylosing Spondylitis can likewise result in inflammation, pain, and stiffness in different sites of the body, for example, the shoulders, hips, ribs, heels, and small joints of the hands and feet. In some cases, the eyes can become involved which in other words recognized as iritis or uveitis, and once in a while the lungs and heart can be affected. The symbol feature of ankylosing spondylitis is the association of the sacroiliac joints in the middle of the progression of the disease.
Symptoms of Ankylosing Spondylitis
Initial signs and indications may incorporate pain and stiffness in the lower back and hips, particularly toward the beginning of the day and after periods of inactivity. Neck pain and fatigue additionally are normal. After some time, symptoms may exacerbate, improve or stop at sporadic intervals.
The Usually Affected Areas In The Case Of Ankylosing Spondylitis Are:
- The joint in the middle of the base of the spine and pelvis
- The vertebrae in the lower back
- The areas where ligaments and tendons connect to bones, principally in the spine, yet at times along the back of the heel
- The cartilage in the middle of breastbone and ribs
- Hip and shoulder joints
Causes of Ankylosing Spondylitis
In this case, there is no known particular cause, however, genetic components appear to be involved in the case of ankylosing spondylitis. Specifically, individuals who have a gene known as HLA-B27 are at enormously expanded risk of going through ankylosing spondylitis. In any case, just a few people with the gene develop the condition.
Risk Factors In The Case Of Ankylosing Spondylitis
- Usually, men are more vulnerable to develop this condition as compared to women
- In most cases, this condition takes place in late adolescence or early adulthood
- In a great number of cases, people who suffer from ankylosing spondylitis have the HLA-B27 gene. On the other hand, numerous individuals who have this gene never develop ankylosing spondylitis.
When to See a Doctor?
It is advisable to look for medical attention in the event that you have low back or buttock pain that developed gradually, is more unbearable in the morning or awakens you from your sleep in the second half of the night, particularly, if this pain improves with exercise and exacerbates with rest.