Thorough Guide To Pelvic Groin Pain

If you have pain under your belly button and above your legs, it counts as pelvic groin pain. It may be caused by quite a few things. It can be a harmless sign that you’re fertile, a digestive disorder, or a red flag that you need to visit the hospital.

Conditions which results in pelvic groin pain

Pelvic groin pain may have more than one cause, including:

  • Inflammation or direct irritation of nerves because of injury, fibrosis, pressure, or intraperitoneal inflammation
  • Contractions or cramps of both smooth and skeletal muscles
  • Some of the more not unusual resources of acute pelvic pain, or pain that takes place very suddenly, can also include:
  1. Ectopic being pregnant (a pregnancy that happens outside the uterus)
  2. Pelvic inflammatory disease (also called PID, an contamination of the reproductive organs)
  3. Twisted or ruptured ovarian cyst
  4. Miscarriage or threatened miscarriage
  5. Urinary tract infection
  6. Appendicitis
  7. Ruptured fallopian tube

Some of the conditions that can lead to chronic pelvic groin pain may include:

  • Menstrual cramps
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine fibroids (extraordinary growths on or within the uterine wall)
  • Scar tissue among the inner organs in the pelvic cavity
  • Endometrial polyps
  • Cancers of the reproductive tract

Other causes may be associated to troubles inside the digestive, urinary, or nervous systems.


Some usual signs and symptoms of pelvic pain are;

  • Cramping
  • Localized pain
  • Sudden start of pain
  • Pain involving the whole abdomen
  • Pain worse by movement


Tests might be accomplished to determine the cause of the pelvic groin pain. In addition, your healthcare provider can also ask you questions concerning the pain such as:

  • When and wherein does the pain happen?
  • How long does the pain last?
  • Is the pain linked to your menstrual cycle, urination, or sexual activity?
  • What does the pain sense like such as sharp or dull?
  • Under what situations did the pain begin?
  • How did the pain begin?

In addition to a complete medical history and physical and pelvic exam, you could have additional tests including:

  • Blood tests
  • Pregnancy test
  • Urinalysis
  • Culture of cells from the cervix
  • Computed tomography or CT scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging or MRI
  • Laparoscopy
  • X-ray
  • Colonoscopy
  • Sigmoidoscopy


Specific treatment for pelvic groin pain will depend on the cause of the pain and might be discussed with you through your healthcare provider. Treatment may include;

  • Antibiotic medicines
  • Anti-inflammatory and/or pain medicines
  • Relaxation exercises
  • Oral contraceptives
  • Surgery
  • Physical therapy

If a physical source can’t be found, your doctor may refer you for counseling to help you better cope with chronic pelvic pain. In other cases, healthcare providers might also propose a multidisciplinary treatment using some of distinctive approaches, such as dietary modifications, environmental changes, physical therapy, and pain management.

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