Blood is mainly a liquid known as Plasma. It comprises of solid components including red cells, white cells and platelets. Platelets are commonly known for their significance in clotting blood. However, they also contain hundreds of proteins which serve as the growth factors and are very important in healing injuries. Hence PRP therapy is an option to help relieve pain.
How is PRP administered?
The procedure starts as;
- A blood sample is placed in a centrifuge, so that the platelet rich plasma is separated easily from eh whole blood.
- The doctors then inject concentrated platelets at the site of injury.
- During this, ultrasound guidance is also taken for complete accuracy.
- As platelets are a natural reservoir for growth factors, so when secreting it stimulates tissue recovery by increasing collagen production, enhancing stem cell proliferation and tenocyte related gene and protein expression.
- These growth factors also help in stimulating blood flow and causing cartilage to become more firm.
- Hence the injured tendons, ligaments, cartilage and muscles are cured.
Who are the candidates?
Patients who are going through moderate osteoporosis, in hip, knee or shoulder or chronic tendonitis in the elbow or ankle are eligible for Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy. Those who have failed traditional treatments such as rest, medication and physical therapy may also be the candidates.
How long it takes?
Platelet Rich Plasma therapy takes approximately 20 minutes to complete.
Patients feel soreness at the site of therapy and are usually prescribed pain medications. It is advisable that the patients rest for two to three days so to not push the injected tissue too quickly. The recovery time varies depending on what is being treated. Sometimes patients with arthritic joints recover faster than those being treated for tendonitis.
Main goal of PRP therapy is to heal injuries and relief pain. Initial improvement may be seen within few weeks gradually healing as the healing progresses. The need for surgery can also be reduced by treating injured tissues with PRP therapy.