Previously, open surgeries that include large incision has been utilized in order to treat sciatica. This used to be done by removing some portion of the intervertebral disc with an objective to give decompression and relieve the pressure of the disc on neighboring nerve roots.
Decompression surgical procedures are typically required in the cases of sciatica or leg pain taking place by a herniated or slipped disc. However, these days, disc decompression surgical procedures have advanced and as a result, the surgery is executed by means of a small incision and even through endoscopes. The whole procedure is executed utilizing a microscope or comparable equipment in order to see the surgical access into the disc.
However, in some cases, considerably more slightly invasive procedures are accessible, as a result, the whole decompression is executed percutaneously through a needle. Individuals who may get the advantage by percutaneous discectomy procedure are those with pain taking place from a contained herniated disc that is actually a bulging disc where there is no rupture in the external wall.
Why The Percutaneous Discectomy Is Done?
The Procedure of Percutaneous Discectomy Might Be Done In Case:
- The medical history that includes tests, for example, MRI, CT scan, or myelogram, indicate that the disc is bulging, and the material inside the disc hasn’t ruptured into the spinal canal.
- Pain and nerve damage have not improved following four or more weeks of nonsurgical treatment.
- The adverse effects are terrible and prevent you from doing everyday tasks.
- There are indications of severe nerve damage in the leg that might deteriorate. These indications incorporate extreme weakness, loss of coordination, or loss of feeling.
What to Expect After Percutaneous Discectomy Procedure?
The patient can go home on the same day of the procedure. The patient can also utilize prescription medicine in order to control pain while recuperating process. It will be recommended to stay away long periods of sitting, bending, twisting, and lifting for some time after the procedure.
As per the results conducted after the research, it was observed that the percutaneous discectomy procedure has been effective in decreasing pain and requirements of medication, on the same time expanding the function in up to 90% of patients. Furthermore, recuperation is quick and scarring is limited in light of the fact that no muscles or bone are cut in the middle of the procedure.
After the procedure, most patients are allowed to go home inside a couple of hours and many can continue work and everyday tasks within just three to five days. Moreover, research has demonstrated that the rate of complication is minor with percutaneous discectomy procedure as compared to open surgery.