Sciatica is a nerve pain from irritation of the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body. This kind of pain is typically felt from the low back to behind the thigh and radiating down below the knee.
The term “sciatica” basically, describes the symptoms of leg pain which are tingling, numbness or weakness originating from the lower back and travelling through the buttock and down to the large sciatic nerve in the back of the leg.
Sciatica is indicated by the following symptoms
- Constant pain in only one side of the buttock
- Pain that becomes worse while sitting or standing
- Burning or tingling down the leg
- Weakness, numbness or difficulty in moving the leg or foot
- A sharp pain that makes it difficult for you to stand up or walk
- This pain may vary from infrequent and irritating to constant and incapacitating
If Spinal disorders worsen, they can cause spinal nerve compression and sciatica or lumbar radiculopathy. The 6 common causes of sciatica pain are:
- A bulging or herniated disc
- Limbar spinal stenosis
- Piriformis syndrome
- Spinal tumors
There are two types of sciatica:
Acute Sciatica (short term)
This type of pain does not require any professional treatment. And the pain can be reduced or controlled with pain killers combined with hot and cold packs of exercise.
Chronic Sciatica (Long term)
This type of pain, as its name suggests is severe and requires physical therapy. This may include exercise, applied heat and other techniques. Sometimes to cure the chronic problem, surgery is required.