The bones which form the spine are cushioned by disc. These discs are round located between each of the vertebra in the spinal column. Fragment of the disc nucleus that is pushed out of the annulus, into the spinal canal is termed as herniated disc. Disc herniation could occur through a tear or rupture in the annulus. Disc herniation could occur at any part of the spine. Although, they are more common in the lower back and neck. Disc herniation treatment is depends upon the region of spine which is affected.
Treatments for disc herniation:
The initial disc herniation treatment is usually conservative and non-surgical. These options may include the following;
- Rest; rest can relieve swelling and give your back time to heal. While your back hurts, avoid doing exercise and other activities where you have to bend or lift.
- Physical therapy; exercises and gentle stretching will help you to relieve pressure on the nerve root. Aerobic exercises, such as walking and swimming, massage therapy, ice or hot pack, ultrasound therapy and electrical muscle stimulation, these all are included in physical therapy which is also a disc herniation treatment
- Pain medicines; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications can help in relieving mild to moderate herniated disc pain. These medicines can bring down the swelling and help you in pain relief.
- Steroid injections; if pain medicines, physical therapy and rest don’t help you in pain relieving then your doctor might suggest you a steroid injection into the space around your spinal nerve. Steroid can help bring down the swelling and can help you to move easily and ease pain which you’re suffering from herniated disc. It is one of the best disc herniation treatments.
If any of the conservative disc herniation treatment do not reduce or end the pain of herniated disc then doctor will suggest you a surgery. Patient’s age, overall health and other issues are taken into consideration before performing a surgery.
- Microdiscetomy; microdiscectomy or microdecompression is a type of lumbar decompression surgery which is used to treat nerve compression from a herniated disc. It is a minimally invasive procedure in which the herniated portion of the disc under the nerve root has been removed to give the nerve root more space, pressure is then relieved and the nerve root can begin to heal.
- Lumbar laminectomy; surgical procedure that creates space by removing the lamina. It enlarges your spinal canal to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.
Zaki Anwar MD is an Anesthesiologist and Interventional Pain Management Specialist. His center is doing great job and has great expertise for the diagnosis and treatment of back pain, headaches, migraines, neck pain, sciatica pain and various pain conditions.
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