Headaches, types and treatments

Your headaches. Again!. The first step in figuring out your recurrent headaches is diagnosing what types headaches you are enduring. Sometimes headaches are a symptom of a hidden underlying disease or condition; and sometimes there is no definite cause

Observe your headaches triggers and symptoms. To keep a record of your headache for precise diagnosis of your headache type. Note down when your headache occurs, along with the symptoms, and any significant trigger such as food, disturbance in sleep and stress

Are the headaches dull and achy?

Tension headaches are the most common sort of headache

  • May be experienced as a tight band of pain around your head, a dull ache or pressure
  • May cause mild to moderate pain on both sides of the head
  • May be triggered by stress, neck strain, missed meals, depression, anxiety or lack of sleep
  • Vary widely in frequency
    • Can be occasional
    • May occur chronically
  • Last from 30 minutes to a week

Treatment for tension headaches

Most moderate category of tension headaches can be easily relieved with over the counter medications. However, some additional alternative therapies that primarily focus on reducing stress may potentially help that may include;

  • Relaxation training
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Biofeedback
  • Massage and gentle neck stretch
  • Heat therapy (warm compress or shower)

If your headaches are excruciating and severe

Certain types of headaches may be categorized as the migraines; that is quadrupled in women as compared to men; the symptoms of migraines involve

  • Severe pulsating pain
  • Nausea, vomiting annoyance to light and sound
  • Occurs in only one side of your head or sometime on both the sides
  • Worsens as the days pass by
  • Last from four to 72 hours without treatment

Migraine treatment is focused on easing the symptoms and minimizing the chances of additional attacks. If you are aware of what triggers your migraines, try to abandon the triggers and learn how to cope them help prevent and ease your migraines

Common Treatment may include:

  • Rest in a quiet, dark room
  • Hot or cold compresses to your head or neck
  • Massage and small amounts of caffeine
  • Over-the-counter medications

The headaches occur less often, but lasts for weeks

Cluster headache happens on and off, but lasts for weeks or sometimes over the period of months. These headaches are rare and more often targets men and the ones who smoke.


  • Begin and evolve quickly, becoming intense within minutes
  • Tend to develop at the same time of day or night
  • Can occur several times per day during a cluster period
  • Usually affect one side of your head, often behind an eye
  • May occur with tearing, redness or swelling of the eye on the affected side of the head
  • Cause a runny or stuffy nose
  • Typically last from 15 minutes to three hours
  • May cause agitation or a restless feeling

 Recommended treatments

As cluster headache are reduced quickly, the treatments should also be fast acting. Treatments may include;

  • Injectable medications
  • Oxygen therapy (breathing pure oxygen via mask)
  • Preventive medications