Headaches have become a global medical complaint

One of the most common medical complaints is the headaches, many people endure severe headaches at some point in their lives. Headaches may occur at any age, race or gender.

The World Health Organization indicates that around the world half of all the adults endure the headache in a year

A headache may be an indication of stress and emotional distress, or it can be a cause of an underlying medical condition such as migraine, high blood pressure, anxiety and depression. Deteriorating a person to perform efficiently in his daily life

What causes you headache?

A headache can arise in any part of the head, sometimes on both the sides of the head, or may be reduced to only one side. According to the International Headache Society, headaches are categorized as primary, when there is no underlying cause, or secondary when there is a hidden underlying medical condition

Primary headaches

Primary headaches are unescorted illness occurs immediately by the exaggeration of activity or nuisance in the structure of head that are painfully sensitive. The primary headaches usually target the blood vessels, muscles, nerves of the head and neck. A change in the normal chemical reaction in the brain also triggers the headache

Most reported headaches of the Primary category are the Migraines, Cluster Headaches and Tensions

Secondary headaches

Secondary headaches are hallmarks that occur when a different condition provokes the pain sensitive nerves of the head. Or you can say the headache symptoms can be associated to another ailment. Secondary headache occurs by a wide variety of factors including:

  • Alcohol
  • Brain¬†tumor
  • Blood clots
  • Bleeding in or around the brain
  • “Brain freeze,” or ice-cream headaches
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Concussion
  • Dehydration
  • Teeth-grinding at night
  • Influenza
  • Overuse of pain medication, known as rebound headaches
  • Panic attacks
  • Stroke

As secondary headaches are caused by an underlying medical condition, seek medical advice immediately if the headaches fail to improve with medications or accompanied by confusion, fever, sensory changes and stiffness in the neck

Headaches defined as per their types

Tension headaches

These headaches are categorized as primary headaches,  these headaches are chronic and initiated slowly and progressively, the sufferer feels a pressure in the form of a tight band around their head. The pain spreads from the neck or to the neck


Migraines are pulsating, and cause throbbing pain on only one side, accompanied by blurred vision, lightheadedness, nausea and sensation. According to The World Health Organization migraine is the Sixth highest cause of disability around the world

Other headaches include; rebound headaches, cluster headaches, thunderclap headaches