Arm pain can be caused by a variety of reasons, ranging from joint inflammation and injuries to compressed nerves and trauma. A person with arm pain experiences discomfort, soreness, numbness or itching in the structures of the arm.
What treatment options are here?
Your arm pain treatment options depend on the underlying cause and severity of your arm pain. Treatment starts with conservative therapies, such as over-the-counter medications like aspirin, acetaminophen or ibuprofen. These nonprescription medications can be used as an effective arm pain treatment for certain types of arm pain when taken according to the instructions. You may also consider home care as early treatment such as drinking plenty of water to reduce muscle cramps.
Some other treatment options are;
Avoid lifting, pushing, or pulling. Wearing a sling can be supportive too but also a good reminder to rest the extremity.
Applying ice to the arm can help to reduce inflammation and also relieve pain. Ice prevents swelling in the affected area.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications are virtual arm pain treatment. They reduce inflammation and decrease pain but should be taken under the direction of your doctor.
A cortisone injection is a powerful anti-inflammatory medication which delivered directly to the site of a problem.
Many conditions leading to arm pain are the result of poor mechanics of the shoulder and upper extremity. Working with a skilled physical therapist can help to attenuate these problems.
A nerve block is an injection therapy that reduces pain caused by nerves and it can also use as arm pain treatment. The procedure involves injecting a combination of local anesthetic agents around the peripheral nerve branches for optimal pain relief. Peripheral nerve blocks provide relief which often lasts from a few weeks to a few months, depending upon the severity of pain.
Surgery is generally performed when these simpler arm pain treatment fail to provide adequate relief. However, surgery could be performed to repair rotator cuff tears, remove the inflammation from around the shoulder, repair fractures of the arm, as well as treat other conditions that are a possible source of arm pain.
Spinal cord stimulation
Spinal cord stimulation is an FDA-approved minimally invasive procedure and it requires the implantation of a nerve stimulation device which delivers low-voltage electrical currents to areas of the spine, ultimately it reduces pain signals caused by chronic pain in the arm. Patients, who are living with chronic pain and have not responded to conservative treatments for at least six months, might be candidates for this procedure.
Zaki Anwar MD is an Anesthesiologist and Interventional Pain Management Specialist. He has great expertise for the diagnosis and treatment of back pain, headaches, migraines, neck pain, sciatica pain and various pain conditions.
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