Pain management or pain control is field of science that help the suffering ones to get relief from chronic or any other kinds of pain and aids in improving quality of life. The pain management team may include clinicians, pharmacists, psychologists, physiotherapists, general physicians, nurses and specialists; it may also include other mental health specialist and message therapists.

Medicines can treat wounds and physical damage sufferings or other depressing symptoms   but if the pain becomes resistant or remains after the injury can be healed then there might be other treatments including physical approach, psychological approach and other medications as well as daily workouts.

Physical Approach

Physical approach may include the following methodologies

Physical medicine and rehabilitation

This remedy may include daily physical workout, treatment emphasizes on improving psychosocial activities or leisure activities (sports and other recreational activities)


Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) its object is to block the signals of pain remitted by the spinal cord towards brain the current passing along the nerves create a ticklish feeling , this is done by passing mild current using small battery powered machine of size of a radio through skin via stick on electrodes.  This process stimulates natural pain killer hormones produced by the body called endorphins .TENS machines are available easily at health care clinics and physiotherapy departments however it does not provide any remarkable benefit in long terms.


This a traditional Chinese trick to relieve pain by identifying the pain affected areas by inserting small fine needles on acu points. These needles at some certain points help to stimulate nature pain killing hormones called endorphins ,this is a short lived remedy to reduce pain but more beneficial for some patients

Light therapy

This therapy is simple and painless. Bendable pads with the prescribed amount of infrared lights are directed against the skin in the affected area or injury. Energy from the lights in limits of the intensity of the ray passes through the skin and absorbed in the tissues aid in healing pain

Interventional Pain medicine

This treatments involves intrusive mediations such as joint facet injections, interrupting the flow of pain sensation to sensory nerves and spinal cord and peripheral nerve provocation

Psychological approach

This approach involves cognitive behavior theory its involves communication with people suffering from pain to develop skills to respond to the positive thoughts and abandon negative in order to identify the cause of suffering and change behavior towards life .This treatment aids pain relief in various aspects


It aids in case of chronic pain as its considered far more better than getting no treatment for sufferings other methods of hypnosis comprise relaxation and self hypnotism techniques


This is a very primitive approach to cure chronic pain as well as anxiety and sufferings also known as mindfulness meditations it is still given importance in clinical trials to revive from chronic pain , it has been observed that 90 percent of the mediators have achieved success in helping individuals in pain reliving activities .

Meditation involves few physical steps based on identifying the part where you feel pain ,focus in your mind towards the feeling of pain ,try to take notice if any variation in pain arise and if the focus is deviated gently try to focus back in your mind

Other medications

Codeine (only available in generic form)

Fentanyl (Actiq, Duragesic, Fentora)

Hydrocodone (Hysingla ER, Zohydro ER)

Hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Lorcet, Lortab, Norco, Vicodin)

Hydromorphone (Dilaudid, Exalgo)

Meperidine (Demerol)

Methadone (Dolophine, Methadose