Back pain is a most reported reason for deficiency from work and not only this, it is the most common reason to seek medical attention. The back pain can be uneasy and crippling
It can be the consequence of an injury, activity and some other underlying medical conditions. Back pain can influence people of any age. As we get older, the possibility of getting the lower back pain raised due to reasons such as your occupation and degenerative disc disease
Lower back pain can be associated with bony lower spine, the disc between the vertebrae, muscles around the spine and disc, nerves in the spinal cord, lower back muscles abdominal and pelvic internal organs, and the skin around the lumbar area.
Reasons for pain in the spinal cord
Osteoporosis of the spine is a common ailment giving rise to severe back pain. The segments of the human spine are cushioned by cartilage that acts as a support and works together to maintain flexibility. Inflammation or damage to any of the cartilage provokes debilitating back pain symptoms
Damage can result from strain, medical conditions, and poor posture, among others.
Back pain usually roots from excessive pressure, tension and sudden injuries. The most common causes of chronic back pain are;
Strained muscles and ligaments
- A muscle spasm
- Muscle tension
- Damaged disks
- Injuries, fractures, or falls
Movements and actions that may cause pressure or spasms include
Activities that can lead to strains or spasms include:
- Lifting something improperly
- Lifting something that is too heavy
- Making an abrupt and awkward movement
The disturbance in the structure may give rise to back pain
As we know that each vertebral segment in the spine is covered with the disc. If the disc wear out more pressure is to be carried by the nerves, stimulating the pain receptors
Bulging disc or disc material
Similar to the ruptured disc, a bulging disc or the disc material can put more pressure on the nerves
An excruciating pain spreading from the buttocks and straight to the back of the legs, stems from a bulging or herniated disc straining the nerves
Osteoarthritis and other forms of arthritis can give rise to ailments in the hips, lower back and other joints. In some cases, the epidural space around the spinal cord shrinks.
Kidney problems: Kidney stones or kidney infection can cause back pain.