Causes, symptoms and treatment of Abdominal Pain

Experiencing abdominal pain is common and usually leads to nothing serious medical conditions, however, sometimes abdominal pain can be more serious than usual that requires immediate medical consultation

Causes of abdominal pain

If it is mild stomach pain, sharp pain, or cramps in the lower abdomen, the pain can be of several underlying causes

These causes may be;

  • Problems with digestions
  • Constipation
  • Annoyed belly syndrome
  • Appendicitis
  • Viral gastroenteritis
  • Menstrual sprain
  • Food contamination
  • Allergic reactions to food
  • Ulcers
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Fibroids
  • Hernia
  • Kidney stones
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Esophageal reflux disease

 When to consult a doctor

If you experience severe abdominal pain with any of these symptoms you must immediately need to consult your doctor as soon as possible

  • Abdominal pain is accompanied by fever
  • Inability to digest food for several days
  • Constipation along with vomiting for several days
  • Vomiting containing  blood
  • Stools containing blood
  • Breathing problems
  • Very frequent and unusual urination
  • Abdominal pain during pregnancy
  • The Abdomen becomes sore and achy to touch
  • The pain occurs because of injury in previous days
  • Constant pain that last for several days

All the above symptoms are indicative of severe internal problems that seek sudden medical care

 How the underlying cause of abdominal pain determined?

There are several causes of abdominal pain, your doctor will perform a thorough check up and ask you several questions related to the symptoms you are experiencing, these questions may include;

  • What type of pain you are having? It is subjected to a particular area or the whole abdomen?
  • What is the exact location of the pain?
  • Is the pain sharp or dull?
  • When does the pain occur and when does it last?
  • Does it occur after eating?
  • Are you taking any medications or drugs?
  • Have you received any severe injury?

After some initial questions and analysis your doctor will advice for some test to diagnose the real cause of the pain. The test may include blood test, urine test, endoscopy, ultrasound, X-ray and CAT scan


The treatment for abdominal pain depends upon the cause, medications are given for problems  addressing inflammation, indigestion or ulcers or sometimes antibiotics are taken for infections

If the doctor feels your abdominal pain is because of an eating disorder, he or she will advise you to effective diet plan

In cases such as hernia appendix and fibroids surgery is necessary